Holy Face

Icon on Jerusalem Stone
Sales price: $60.00
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Сharacteristics
Product Weight: 250 g
Product dimensions: 10 * 12.5 * 1 cm
Weight of packing: 43 g
Package dimensions: 11 * 15 * 3,5 cm
Description

Saviour was always in Russia one of the most popular images. That it is usually written on the banners of the Russian troops. There are two types of image Holy Face: The Saviour ubrus chrepii and Saviour. On icons such as "The Saviour ubrus" the face of Christ is depicted on the board (towel), the upper ends of which are tied knots. Was put on the bottom of the rim. The face of Jesus Christ - the face of a middle-aged man with thin features and spirited, with a beard, which is divided in two, with long, curly hair and ends with parting.

The appearance of the icon "Saviour chrepii" is explained in the following legend. As already mentioned, King Abgar of Edessa to Christianity. Holy image was stuck on "board negniyuschu" and placed over the city gates. Later, one of the kings of Edessa returned to paganism, and the image was immured in a niche of the city wall, and after four centuries of place it was completely forgotten. In 545, during the siege of the city by the Persians, the Bishop of Edessa was given the revelation about the location of Holy Face. When the masonry was dismantled, the people have seen not only well-preserved icon, but the imprint of the face of a clay board (tiles, chrepii), which covered the Holy Face.

In icons "Saviour chrepii" no image fee, background even, in some cases, mimics the texture of tile or plain masonry.

In Russian icons Saviour depicted generally calm, with eyes open. The Catholics, on the contrary, the face of Christ is written anguished, sometimes with his eyes closed, her head a crown of thorns and blood on it.

King Abgar of Edessa and the image of the Savior

According to tradition, set out in the Lives Menaion, Abgar Fifth Ouham, leprosy, sent to Christ his arhivariya Hannan (Ananias) with a letter in which he asked Christ to come to Edessa and heal him. Hannan was an artist, and asked him to Abgar, if the Savior will not come, write his image and bring him. Hannan found Christ surrounded by a dense crowd, he stood on a rock, from which he could see, and tried to portray the Savior. Seeing that Hannah wants to do his portrait, Christ demanded water, washed, wiped his face of the plateau, and on this board to print the image.

Savior referred the board to the command Khannanov attributed with a letter sent him. In this letter, Christ refused to go to Edessa himself, saying that he has to fulfill what he has sent. On the performance of his case, he promised to send to Abgar of one of His disciples. Having received the portrait, Abgar was healed of his main disease, but his face was still damaged. After Pentecost went to Edessa Thaddeus the Apostle, one of the 70, finished healing Abgar and drew him to Christianity. Abgar wrote on Nerukotovorennogo tissue image of the word "Christ our God, just put their trust in you, do not be ashamed," image attached to a board and placed in a niche above the gate, get out of there Being there idol. How the first icon - Holy image of the Savior.

In 630 Arabs seized Edessa, but they do not interfere with the worship of the Image without hands, the fame of which has spread throughout the East.

In 944, Emperor Constantine Porphyrogenitus bought Nerukotovorenny image from the then Muslim ruler of Edessa - Emir, and brought him to the capital of Orthodoxy - Constantinople.

Over its history, to capture his Crusaders and disappearance with the ship in a storm in the Sea of Marmara (1204-1261), made without hands glorify innumerable miracles, and that brought him worldwide fame. Many copies were made with him at various times, and many of these copies also glorified by miracles and healings. In Russia, not made with hands image of old is one of the most venerated image of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Eusebius Pamphilus in his "Ecclesiastical History" is the text of the message sent by Abgar to our Lord Jesus Christ: "There seems to be nothing more interesting of the letters I have received from the archive and translated word for word from the Syriac. A copy of a letter written toparhom Jesus and sent to Jerusalem with Skorohod Ananias: "Abgar, son of Ouham, toparh, sends greeting to Jesus, the Savior to good, that appeared within Jerusalem: You tell that return sight to the blind, the lame walk, cleanse the lepers, cast out evil spirits and demons. You are healing suffering a long illness, and raise the dead. I listened to all of you and learned mind one of two things: either you are a God, and he came down from the sky, do these miracles, or you are the Son of God who does wonders. That's why I write to you and ask you: work hard, come to me and heal my sorrow. I have heard that the Jews against thee in wait. My town is very small, but respectable, and the two of us enough. "That's what and how Abgar wrote: Jesus' answer toparhu (Abgar) over runner Ananias:" Blessed are you, if you believe in me without seeing me. Written of me: I had seen no faith in me to believe and never saw come to life. What did you invite me to yourself, I must fulfill everything here, for which I was sent, and when executed, it will ascend to Him who sent Me. When lifted up, I will send to you one of my disciples, that he healed the disease and gave your life to you and those who are with you. "Next Eusebius writes:" There was all this in 340 "'' (Letters dated Syrians on so called the Seleucid era, which begins with 311 BC. Oe., - means, in terms of Christian chronology date given by Eusebius, - 29, at the R. X.)''. "These letters - continues Eusebius Pamphilus - attached was the following, written in Syriac, too: "After the ascension of Jesus Judas, called Thomas, sent (to Abgar) apostle Thaddeus, one of the Seventy: And Thaddeus said," Because you have firmly believed in him who sent me, I and sent to you, "He said to him Abgar:" And I believe in Him and His Father. "And Thaddeus said," Therefore, in his name, lay my hand upon thee. "And as soon as he said it, so Abgar was cured of the disease and their pain: Thaddeus healed many: he doeth great wonders, and preached the word of God. Abgar Then he said: "You, Thaddeus, you do it all the power of God, and we are amazed. And so I beg you, tell me about the coming of Jesus, as it happened, the power of His and about how hard he worked all the things I've heard. "

Abgar V Ouham king OSRO, ran in the capital city of Edessa from 13 to 50 years., Actively promoted the spread of Christianity among his people. OSRO - Edessa kingdom, a small state in north-eastern Syria between the Tigris and Euphrates in 137 BC - 242 AD with its capital at Edessa (Edessa). The first in the history of the Christian state (beginning III cent.) Was the first Christian state from 170 to 214 a year.

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